Assessing the macroeconomic impact of alternative macroprudential policies

Davis, E. Philip and Liadze, Iana and Piggott, Rebecca,(2019), Assessing the macroeconomic impact of alternative macroprudential policies. , Economic Modelling, UNSPECIFIED

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This article assesses effects on the wider economy and overall costs and benefits of two alternative macroprudential policies - loan-to-value ratios on mortgage lending and variable bank capital adequacy targets. It also traces the potential effects of such policies if introduced prior to the subprime crisis. The work is performed within the National Institute Global Econometric Model, with a focus on Germany, Italy and the UK. Detailed banking sectors and addition of a macroprudential block to our model enable effects of policies to be captured. A systemic risk index tracks the likelihood of the occurrence of a banking crisis and establishes thresholds at which macroprudential policies should be activated by the authorities. Capital adequacy impacts the economy by acting on the spread between borrowing and lending of corporates and households, while loan-to-value transmits through its impact on the housing market. We find generally loan-to-value policy has a lesser effect than capital adequacy on crisis probabilities and net benefits, but there is considerable cross country variation. We show that the introduction of macroprudential policy prior to the crisis would have led to improvement in a number of key macroeconomic measures and might thus have reduced the incidence of the crisis.
Keywords : Macroprudential policy Loan-to-value ratios Bank capital adequacy Systemic risk Macroeconomic modelling, UNSPECIFIED
Journal or Publication Title: Economic Modelling
Volume: 80
Item Type: Article
Subjects: Ekonomi Pembangunan
Depositing User: Elok Inajati
Date Deposited: 30 Dec 2019 01:41
Last Modified: 30 Dec 2019 01:41

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